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THE ROYAL GLOUCESTERSHIRE, BERKSHIRE and WILTSHIRE REGIMENT

(28th, 49th, 61st, 62nd, 66th and 99th Foot)

Regimental Insignia
All British Infantry Regiments identify themselves through the insignia worn by the soldiers of the Regiment. Insignia includes the Regimental Cap and headdress badges, Collar dogs, Buttons, buckles, stable belts and various arm badges.  Many of these visible signs of a Regiments past are also included on the drums and other Battalion signs. The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment took their insignia from their forming Regiments, 

The Gloucestershire Regiment (28th/61st)  

The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment 

(Berkshire and Wiltshire)(49th/62nd/66th/99th). 

The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment in turn took theirs from the Royal Berkshire Regiment and the Wiltshire Regiment when amalgamated in 1959.

The aim of this section is to show the insignia of this Regiment with reasons behind the use of that device. Officer badges are exactly the same but in either higher grade metal or cloth

 

The Regimental Cap Badge

The Royal Gloucestershire Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment

The example shown above was taken into use on the formation of the Regiment in 1994. The Badge at that time measured 40cm x 40cm (It has since been reduced in size) with its heraldic description shown as :

"On a square of crimson a cross pattee throughout silver, charged with a sphinx couchant upon a pedestal inscribed 'Egypt', all gold"

The front cap badge is made up of three parts 'The Brandywine Flash' the backing to the badge, the 'Cross Pattee' and 'The Sphinx' The reasons for adoption are as follows :- 

 

THE BRANDYWINE FLASH
The Red backing to the Badge is referred to as 'The Brandywine flash' and was previously worn by the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment who inherited it from the Royal Berkshire Regiment. It was awarded to the Regiment for the actions of the Light Company of the 49th of Foot who took part in a night attack at a location called PAOLI. The battle was fought on the 20th September 1777 during the American War of Independence. The tactic of assaulting by night without prior warning was frowned upon and the Americans made it clear that no quarter would henceforth be given. The units that took part (It is said) declared to the Americans that they would identify themselves by dying their hackles red as an indication of their participation in the battle. Many years later the Royal Berkshire Regiment applied for the privilege of wearing 'The Brandywine flash' to commemorate the action. It is still worn today.

 

THE CROSS PATTEE
The cross Pattee originated from the 62nd of foot, later the Wiltshire Regiment and was worn by the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment as part of their cap badge. It came about in the early nineteenth century, when regiments were allowed to incorporate in their shako plates some form of regimental crest, the 62nd, in company with eleven other regiments, adopted the Maltese cross. The 62nd were in Sicily in 1806. The cross is the design of the Order of the knights of Malta, whose chief seat had been established in Catamea in Sicily in 1800. The Maltese cross, whose eight points symbolize the eight beatitudes of St Matthews gospel, was not retained as a badge by all its original wearers, but the 62nd kept it.

By 1828 regimental badges had become official and the 62nd Regiment of foot's badge was shown as a Maltese cross within an eight pointed star. Later the shape and the name was changed to a cross pattee. This shape has been worn since that time and is worn today.

 

THE SPHINX
The Sphinx  on a tablet inscribed 'Egypt' forms the centre of the cap badge. This was awarded to the Gloucestershire Regiment for its actions in the Campaign of 1801. It was at the Battle of Alexandria where the 28th of Foot fought 'Back' to 'Back' and as a result the Regiment was given the privilege of wearing a Back badge (See below) which also contains a sphinx. The Sphinx was worn by the Gloucestershire Regiment up to the amalgamation in 1994, and was carried over to the RGBW For a fuller explanation of the Campaign go to 'Battle Honours.

 

EXAMPLES
No 1 Dress Cap Beret

Example No 1 Dress cap

Example Beret

 

THE BACK BADGE

The Back Badge

The 'Back Badge' was brought to the Regiment by the Gloucestershire Regiment. Various versions were worn by the Gloucestershire Regiment over the years. The last version worn by the 1st Battalion was silver in colour, but on amalgamation they reverted to  the traditional yellow metal colour ("Brass before and Brass behind")

The back badge is unique in the British Army and was awarded to the 28th of Foot for their actions at the battle of Alexandria in 1801 (See Battle Honours)

 

Examples of Back Badge

Example No 1 Dress Rear

Example Drummers rear

Example UN Rear

No 1 Dress Cap Drum Major United Nations
 

 

COLLAR DOGS

RGBW Collar Badge

The RGBW Collar badges, referred to as 'Collar dogs' are identical to the cap badge, apart from the fact that they are inward facing when worn.

RGBW Collar Badge

 

Examples of Collar dogs

Collar dogs in RGBW Mess Dress

Collar dogs in RGBW No 1 dress

Collar dogs worn in the mess dress of the RGBW Worn in No 1 Dress

 

SHOULDER TITLE

RGBW Shoulder Title

The RGBW Shoulder title, worn on a black background.

 

Examples of Shoulder Titles

As worn by Other Ranks

As Worn by Officers

As worn by Other ranks in the RGBW As worn by officers in the RGBW

 

The RGBW Regimental Belt

RGBW Regimental Belt

The belt buckle came from the Gloucestershire Regiment, with the keeper being altered to read "RGBW"

 

EXAMPLES OF REGIMENTAL BELT

No 1 Dress

Worn with denims

Worn in No1 Dress Worn in Barrack dress (Denims)

 

Regimental Stable belt

RGBW Stable Belt

The RGBW Stable belt is buff with a thin red stripe with a black line traditionally worn by the Gloucestershire Regiment in mourning for General Wolfe, who died in front of the 28th of Foot at Quebec in 1759. The colour Buff was used in all the forming Regiments.

 

This page is still under construction, some of the images used are not as good as they could be and will be replaced in the passage of time when better ones become available. Future plans on this page will include insignia as worn by the officers, drums and in different types of overseas dress. Any mistakes in the above descriptions are the sole fault of 'Mac' the Website Historian. Any comments please E Mail me.
 
 
                             
 
                        
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                            Revised: 19 July 2006.